Mexico City

Summary of Mexico City

Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, is geographically located in the center of Mexico and is the country's political, economic, and cultural center. It is built upon the remains of Tenochtitlan, the ancient Aztec capital that flourished from the 14th to the 16th centuries. While Mexico City was affected by the Spanish colonial culture, it has also formed its own unique culture. The name of the city comes from the protective god Metztli. Within the city, many roadside trees decorate the main roads and there are many monuments established throughout the city, creating a beautiful harmony with the city's modern buildings.

  • Remains of Teotihuicuan
Mayor Dr. Miguel Ángel MANCERA ESPINOSA
Took Office in December, 2012
Date of Affiliation February 16, 1978
Population About 8,850,000
Area About 1,595 km2
Time Difference with Japan -15 hours (-14 hours in summer)

Mexico City Official Website

Details of the Affiliation

During a visit to Los Angeles, the Nagoya Japan-Mexico Association received a suggestion from LANSCA (Los Angeles-Nagoya Sister City Affiliation) to begin a sister city affiliation with Mexico City because of the fact that Mexico City and Los Angeles were already sister cities at the time. Afterwards, a party representing the Nagoya Japan-Mexico Association headed to Mexico City and proposed to them a plan to establish a sister city affiliation. Intrigued with Japan's incredible economic growth, Octavio Sentíes, mayor of Mexico City at the time, replied that he would strongly consider the proposal, and the Nagoya Japan-Mexico Association informed the Mayor of Nagoya of the intentions of the Mayor of Mexico City. Afterwards, upon further discussion between the two cities, an affiliation was established.

  • Mexico City City Hall


Mexico City is the capital of Mexico, located in the high plateaus of central Mexico at an altitude of 2240 meters above sea level. In the time of the Aztecs, Mexico City was a city floating on top of a lake called Lake Texcoco, but when Spain colonized the city, it filled up the lake, making it into the basin that it is today.


In the high plateaus of central Mexico that take Mexico City as its center, an advanced culture was cultivated before the modern era. After the Teotihuacan culture, which had built an enormous city, had collapsed in the 7th century, a nomadic Aztec tribe built a capital called Tenochtitlan in 1325, founding a prosperous and great empire that would thereafter preside over the entire region. In 1519, a Spanish military group led by Hernan Cortez invaded, and in August 1521, the capital Tenochtitlan was taken over by Spanish forces. Cortez destroyed the Aztec architecture, and used the stone remains to build a new city above Tenochtitlan. That city is what we now call Mexico City.

  • Remains of Templo Mayor, a temple of the Aztec Empire


In the Mexican educational system, compulsory education consists of 6 years of elementary school and 3 years of junior high school. After compulsory education, students are divided into two groups: those continuing to high school and those continuing to intermediate employment training courses. Mexico City's higher education system is home to the National Autonomous University of Mexico, famous for one of the world's largest murals, drawn by Juan O'Gorman.

  • Central Library of the National Autonomous University of Mexico

Culture and Sightseeing

The most well-known tourist spots in the city are the Metropolitan Cathedral on the north side of Mexico City Central Plaza Zocalo and the National Palace on the east side of Zocalo. In 1920s Mexico, a type of mural art called the Mexican Renaissance became popular. You can see enormous pictures devoted to Mexico's history and revolutions on walls of public buildings such as the National Palace.

At the National Museum of Anthropology that prides itself on being a world leader in the size and content of its collections, select artifacts retrieved from the remains of Teotihuacan, the Mayans, and the Azteks are on display. In the suburbs of Mexico City lie the remains of Teotihuacan, a city built in the 2nd century BC. As for Mexican folk music, the Mariachi, performed by a 10-person musical troupe clad in sombreros and Charro (cowboy) suits, is rather famous.

  • Metropolitan Cathedral

  • National Palace

  • Mural in the National Palace

  • The National Museum of Anthropology

  • The Aztec Calendar Stone

  • Mariachi


The sport known for accumulating a tremendous amount of popularity in Mexico is soccer. There are four teams with home stadiums in Mexico City: Atlante F.C., Club América, Cruz Azul, and UNAM, all part of the Mexican League. Other than soccer, popular sports include Mexican wrestling, lucha libre, and bullfighting inspired by its Spanish equivalent. Lucha libre was established as a form of entertainment for the common people, following a didactic storyline in which good wrestlers always win in the end over the bad wrestlers.

  • Aztec Stadium


There are a variety of public transportation systems in Mexico City, including city buses and subways. The subway is called the Metro, with lines extending each direction and providing access to the airport, bus terminals, and main tourist attractions. Taxis also provide a means of transportation, and operate from early in the morning until late at night.

  • Streets of Mexico City

Mexico City's Sister Cities: 21 cities

  • Nagoya(Japan)
  • Los Angeles(United States)
  • San Salvador(El Salvador)
  • Madrid(Spain)
  • Cusco(Peru)
  • Chicago(United States)
  • Seoul(South Korea)
  • Berlin(Germany)
  • Havana(Cuba)
  • Kiev(Ukraine)
  • Quito(Ecuador)
  • San Pedro Sula(Honduras)
  • Tegucigalpa(Honduras)
  • Barcelona(Spain)
  • Paris(France)
  • San José(Costa Rica)
  • Wallonia(Belgium)
  • Buenos Aires(Argentina)
  • Beijing(China)
  • Cadiz(Spain)
  • Istanbul(Turkey)

Source: Pamphlet, Mexican Government Tourist Bureau
    Ciudad de Mexico Ciudad Global

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Nagoya Sister Cities Association
c/o International Relations Division, Tourism & Exchange Department Bureau of Tourism, Culture & Exchange , City of Nagoya
1-1, Sannomaru 3-chome, Naka-ku, Nagoya 460-8508
TEL:(052)972-3063 FAX:(052)972-4200