Nanjing

Summary of Nanjing

Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, is the political and economic center of Jiangnan, located at the southern section of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The city's history begins in the middle of the Warring States Period about 2400 years ago, and it has been the capital city of 10 dynasties, including the Wu and Ming Dynasties. Once the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty moved the capital to Beijing, Nanjing came to be called the "Southern Capital." The historically brilliant Nanjing possesses a variety of historical artifacts from ancient times to the modern age, and is famous as a tourist site within China.


  • The Confucius Temple
Mayor Miao Ruilin
Took Office on January 16, 2014
Date of Affiliation December 21, 1978
Population About 6,380,000
Area About 6,587 km2
Time Difference with Japan -1 hour

City of Nanjing Official Website

Details of the Affiliation

With the normalization of Japan-China relations in 1972 and the signing of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China in 1978, Nagoya arrived at a great opportunity for a friendship city affiliation. In October 1978, Nagoya dispatched a Nagoya Resident Tsubasa Friendship Delegation to Beijing, led by the Mayor. During the delegation's stay in Beijing, the Chinese government proposed for Nagoya to make Nanjing into a friendship city.

After discussions between the two cities, Nagoya and Nanjing arrived at a decision for a friendship city affiliation in December of that year.

Geography

Nanjing is located in China's productive plains in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, straddling both banks of the Yangtze. Surrounded by mountains and water, castle walls and trees, Nanjing is equipped with the grace of the North and the beauty of the South. To the east of Nanjing lies the Purple Mountain, and to the west lies the Stone City. The Qinhuai River, a branch of the Yangtze River, flows through the city.

History

The ancient history of Nanjing traces back to the Spring and Autumn Period 2500 years ago. After King Goujian of Yue destroyed the Wu in 472 BC, he constructed a castle standing at the southwest corner of today's Gate of China, and this was the origin of the city. In the third century, Sun Quan of the Eastern Wu, known as one of the Three Kingdoms, made Nanjing the capital city again. Thereafter, the city prospered as the administrative city of 10 dynasties: Eastern Jin, the Southern Dynasties of Liu Song, Qi, Liang, Chen (collectively called the 6 Dynasties), and the Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, and Republic of China.

Nanjing is counted along with Beijing, Xi'an, and Luoyang as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. The most striking aspect of the city is the castle walls surrounding the city. Zhu Yuanzhang, who united Jiangnan in the 14th Century, began the Ming Dynasty in Nanjing, and in 1368 became the Hongwu Emperor, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. After receiving a proposal from one of his staff to build a high wall, Zhu Yuanzhang began constructing a castle wall. After 21 years, in 1386, the castle wall surrounding the city was completed. The total length of the castle wall measures 35.276 km, and 2/3 of it remains intact within the city.


  • The Castle Wall and Xuanwu Lake

  • The Castle Wall

Education

In China, children enter elementary school at the age of 6. Students spend six years in elementary school and six years in middle school. Middle school is divided into three junior and three senior years, equivalent to Japanese junior and senior high school, respectively. Some students leave middle school after their junior years and go to a technical school to acquire a trade.

Famous institutions of higher education in Nanjing include Nanjing University and Southeast University.


  • Nanjing University

Culture and Sightseeing

With 2500 years of history, Nanjing contains a variety of historical sites dating from the ancient past to recent times, and is a famous domestic tourist destination within China. Its most famous sights include the Zhongshanling Mausoleum in honor of Sun Yatsen, who is still honored as the father of the revolution; the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in honor of Zhu Yuanzhang (the Hongwu Emperor); and the magnificent Yangtze River Bridge, one of the most famous steel bridges in China. Additionally, Nanjing is known as the "Green Capital." With green areas occupying more than 40% of the city, it ranks first in that measure among cities in China.


  • Zhongshanling Mausoleum

  • Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum

  • Yangtze River Bridge

  • Nanjing, the "reen Capital"

Sports

In Nanjing, sports such as basketball, soccer, golf, and table tennis enjoy great popularity. Basketball is particularly popular, and Nanjing is even home to a men's basketball team. The Youth Olympic Games are scheduled to be held in Nanjing from Aug. 8-16, 2014.


  • Youth Olympic Games Plaque

  • The Olympic Center

Transportation

Since Nanjing occupies both banks of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, it is an important central city for transportation in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and is an important passageway for transport between northern and southern China. City buses are the main form of transport for Nanjing residents. Also, a railway stretching north to south runs in the center of the City. Although Nanjing is not on the coast, it is China's largest inland waterway port on the Yangtze River. The Yangtze is both broad and deep, so large ships are able to navigate there.


  • Highway

Nanjing's Friendship Cities: 14 cities

  • Nagoya(Japan)
  • St. Louis(U.S.)
  • Florence(Italy)
  • Eindhoven(the Netherlands)
  • Leipzig(Germany)
  • Mexicali(Mexico)
  • Limassol(Cyprus)
  • Daejeon(South Korea)
  • London(U.K.)
  • Perth(Australia)
  • Bloemfontein(South Africa)
  • Barranquilla(Colombia)
  • Melacca City(Malaysia)
  • Bandar SeriBegawan (Brunei)

Sources:
Nanjing Official Website
Nanjing 2009 Yearbook
People's Republic of China, National Tourism Administration: Jiangnan Water Village Manual, Nanjing Tourist Map
Jiangsu Province Tourism Bureau, Jiangsu Province Official Guidebook: A Walk through Jiangsu Province

Back to Sister and Friendship Cities

Nagoya Sister Cities Association
c/o International Relations Division, Tourism & Exchange Department Bureau of Tourism, Culture & Exchange , City of Nagoya
1-1, Sannomaru 3-chome, Naka-ku, Nagoya 460-8508
TEL:(052)972-3063 FAX:(052)972-4200
E-mail:info@nsca.gr.jp

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