Summary of Turin
The City of Turin is the capital of the Piedmont region in the northwest section of the Italian peninsula. The first capital of Italy after it was unified under the leadership of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1861, Turin remained the capital until Florence became the capital in 1865. Turin has developed with a focus on the automobile industry, and is now Italy's 2nd industrial city after Milano.
Took Office on May 30, 2011
|Date of Affiliation||May 27, 2005|
|Area||About 130 km2|
|Time Difference with Japan||-8 hours (-7 hours in summer)|
Details of the Affiliation
Exchange between Nagoya and Turin began in January 2001 when an academic exchange agreement was established between the Nagoya City University School of Design and Architecture and the Polytechnic University of Turin. In December 2003, Nagoya was informed by the Italian Ambassador to Japan of Turin's intention to establish a sister city affiliation with Nagoya. When the Mayor of Nagoya visited the Mayor of Turin in May 2004, they agreed upon a sister city affiliation and commenced the sister city affiliation the following year.
Turin City Hall
Turin is the capital city of the Piedmont Region in the northwest section of the Italian peninsula, which lies adjacent to the Swiss and French borders. The Piedmont Region is located in a region bordered by the Alps to the northwest and the Apennine Mountains to the south. Turin lies in the western section of the Po Valley, which is spread out across the Po River Basin that is wedged between mountains.
The Streets of Turin
Turin is a city with origins in the Roman Era that developed along the Po River, the longest river in Italy. In the 1st century B.C. it became a Celtic military colony, and at the time of the Roman Empire, it flourished as the center of glass production.
In 1416, Turin became a part of the Duchy of Savoy, and in 1559, the capital city of the Duchy was moved from Chambery in France to Turin. Afterwards, the Duchy changed its name to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and in 1861, Italy was unified under the leadership of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Turin was Italy's first capital city and remained the capital until it was moved to Florence in 1865.
Italy's compulsory education lasts for 10 years, including 5 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, and the first 2 years of high school. There are largely three types of high schools: normal high schools, technical high schools, and vocational high schools. At the end of the 5 years of high school, a national standard graduation examination is conducted, which also serves as qualification for college entrance. In college, undergraduate curriculum lasts 3 years.
Culture and Sightseeing
Within the city, orderly streets are spread out in a grid having origins in the Roman Era, and beautiful Baroque-style buildings can be seen everywhere. The National Museum of Cinema in the Mole Antonelliana tower, which has become the symbol of Turin. The automobile industry is very prosperous in Turin, and Fiat's headquarters were located there. Many automobiles are on display in the National Automobile Museum, established by the founder of Fiat.
In terms of food, Turin is known for the Piedmont Region red wine produced there. It is also famous as the "birthplace of chocolate," and was the first place in the world for chocolate to become mass-produced. A type of chocolate called Gianduiotto is counted among Turin's famous foods.
Vineyard on a hill in East Turin
Soccer is very popular in Italy, and 2 famous soccer clubs, Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., have their home stadiums in Turin. Additionally, the Winter Olympics were held in Turin for 16 days starting on February 10, 2006.
In Turin, buses and trolleys are the primary means of transportation, but a subway has also been put into operation due to the 2006 Winter Olympics. In the old urban district in the center of the city, cars are strictly regulated, making it easy to walk around.
A bus running through Turin
Turin's Sister Cities: 15 Cities
- Nagoya (Japan)
- Campo Grande (Brazil)
- Chambery (France)
- Cologne (Germany)
- Cordoba (Argentina)
- Detroit (U.S.A.)
- Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourg)
- Gaza (Palestine)
- Glasgow (U.K.)
- Liege (Belgium)
- Lille (France)
- Quetzaltenango (Guatemala)
- Rotterdam (The Netherlands)
- Salt Lake City (U.S.A.)
- Shenyang (China)
The Consulate-General of Japan at Milano, Introduction to Turin and Italy's Educational System
Annual Report 2010 TORINO